3. Configuring the CUPS Print Server

After installation, a few files must be edited in order to configure the CUPS server. First, create or modify, as the case may be, the file /etc/devfs.rules and add the following information to set the proper permissions on all potential printer devices and to associate printers with the cups user group:

add path 'unlpt*' mode 0660 group cups
add path 'ulpt*' mode 0660 group cups
add path 'lpt*' mode 0660 group cups
add path 'usb/X.Y.Z' mode 0660 group cups


Note that X, Y, and Z should be replaced with the target USB device listed in the /dev/usb directory that corresponds to the printer. To find the correct device, examine the output of dmesg(8), where ugenX.Y lists the printer device, which is a symbolic link to a USB device in /dev/usb.

Next, add two lines to /etc/rc.conf as follows:


These two entries will start the CUPS print server on boot and invoke the local devfs rule created above, respectively.

In order to enable CUPS printing under certain Microsoft® Windows® clients, the line below should be uncommented in /usr/local/etc/cups/mime.types and /usr/local/etc/cups/mime.convs:


Once these changes have been made, the devfs(8) and CUPS systems must both be restarted, either by rebooting the computer or issuing the following two commands in a root terminal:

# /etc/rc.d/devfs restart
# /usr/local/etc/rc.d/cupsd restart

All FreeBSD documents are available for download at https://download.freebsd.org/ftp/doc/

Questions that are not answered by the documentation may be sent to <freebsd-questions@FreeBSD.org>.
Send questions about this document to <freebsd-doc@FreeBSD.org>.