22.5. FreeBSD as a Guest on VirtualBox

FreeBSD works well as a guest in VirtualBox. The virtualization software is available for most common operating systems, including FreeBSD itself.

The VirtualBox guest additions provide support for:


These commands are run in the FreeBSD guest.

First, install the emulators/virtualbox-ose-additions package or port in the FreeBSD guest. This will install the port:

# cd /usr/ports/emulators/virtualbox-ose-additions && make install clean

Add these lines to /etc/rc.conf:


If ntpd(8) or ntpdate(8) is used, disable host time synchronization:


Xorg will automatically recognize the vboxvideo driver. It can also be manually entered in /etc/X11/xorg.conf:

Section "Device"
	Identifier "Card0"
	Driver "vboxvideo"
	VendorName "InnoTek Systemberatung GmbH"
	BoardName "VirtualBox Graphics Adapter"

To use the vboxmouse driver, adjust the mouse section in /etc/X11/xorg.conf:

Section "InputDevice"
	Identifier "Mouse0"
	Driver "vboxmouse"

HAL users should create the following /usr/local/etc/hal/fdi/policy/90-vboxguest.fdi or copy it from /usr/local/share/hal/fdi/policy/10osvendor/90-vboxguest.fdi:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
# Sun VirtualBox
# Hal driver description for the vboxmouse driver
# $Id: chapter.xml,v 1.33 2012-03-17 04:53:52 eadler Exp $

	Copyright (C) 2008-2009 Sun Microsystems, Inc.

	This file is part of VirtualBox Open Source Edition (OSE, as
	available from http://www.virtualbox.org. This file is free software;
	you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU
	General Public License (GPL) as published by the Free Software
	Foundation, in version 2 as it comes in the "COPYING" file of the
	VirtualBox OSE distribution. VirtualBox OSE is distributed in the
	hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY of any kind.

	Please contact Sun Microsystems, Inc., 4150 Network Circle, Santa
	Clara, CA 95054 USA or visit http://www.sun.com if you need
	additional information or have any questions.
<deviceinfo version="0.2">
    <match key="info.subsystem" string="pci">
      <match key="info.product" string="VirtualBox guest Service">
        <append key="info.capabilities" type="strlist">input</append>
	<append key="info.capabilities" type="strlist">input.mouse</append>
        <merge key="input.x11_driver" type="string">vboxmouse</merge>
	<merge key="input.device" type="string">/dev/vboxguest</merge>

Shared folders for file transfers between host and VM are accessible by mounting them using mount_vboxvfs. A shared folder can be created on the host using the VirtualBox GUI or via vboxmanage. For example, to create a shared folder called myshare under /mnt/bsdboxshare for the VM named BSDBox, run:

# vboxmanage sharedfolder add 'BSDBox' --name myshare --hostpath /mnt/bsdboxshare

Note that the shared folder name must not contain spaces. Mount the shared folder from within the guest system like this:

# mount_vboxvfs -w myshare /mnt

All FreeBSD documents are available for download at https://download.freebsd.org/ftp/doc/

Questions that are not answered by the documentation may be sent to <freebsd-questions@FreeBSD.org>.
Send questions about this document to <freebsd-doc@FreeBSD.org>.